Safe environment

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“Safe environment” — competition participated by NBC reconnaissance units. They will define the best of NBC protection of the route, driving on difficult terrain, detection of affected zone, special treatment of hardware and environment.

ABOUT


TEAM (21 MAX)


Team senior

2 NBC reconnaissance crews (RKhM-4)

Coaching group (2 men)

Support crew (3 men max)

Technical support crew (2 men)


LOCATION

Pesochnoye Camp (training center) is 26 km far from Kostroma city. During World War II it was used as a training ground for troops before they moved to the battlefield. Since 1966 Pesochnoye Camp became Kostroma Higher Commanding Military School for Chemical Defence.


STAGES


1. STAGE. Driving in complex terrain conditions with obstacles overcoming.


Conditions

The first stage “Driving in complex terrain conditions” is held at a circular 3-kilometre route. Each crew passes one lap. Start is simultaneous and the sequence is determined by a draw procedure. There can only be 2 APCs on the route simultaneously. The route is equipped with The route is equipped with the same obstacles as in stage I, with the addition of the use of the means of simulation, the element of fire training (shooting from heavy machine gun blanks), high-speed section, overcoming the water obstacle by ropeway and overcoming firestorm zone in personal protective gear. Winner of the 3 stage is based on the total time of the route, the results of the shooting and the highest score obtained as a result of overcoming water obstacle by ropeway and overcoming firestorm zone in personal protective gear.

The route is equipped with the “Start” line (with a start pad and standby pad) and “Finish” line as well as with obstacles: a track bridge, a track passage in a minefield, places for shortstops at ascent and descent slopes, passage with limited space, blockage and maneuvering sites.

Before the beginning of the contest all the crews stay at the standby pad near the APCs and at the command of the judge successively examine their vehicles and install a Vladimirov large-caliber machine gun (hereinafter KPVT) and a Kalashnikov tank machine gun (hereinafter PKT).

Penalties

- KPVT machine gun is installed on 1 support – 10 sec;
- PKT machine gun is installed on 1 support – 10 sec;
- KPVT electric trigger is not connected – 10 sec;
- PKT electric trigger is not connected – 10 sec;
- the barrel of the machine gun is not attached (locked) at the body of KPVT – 10 sec;
- For each missed point of combat vehicle examination – 10 sec; - starting movement without the command – 60 sec;
- skipping an obstacle – 60 sec;
- Falling from the track bridge – 30 sec;
- Mine “detonation” while crossing track passage in the minefield – 30 sec;
- APC rolling-down at the shortstop on the slope – 30 sec;
- Engine is shut off while crossing water obstacles – 30 sec;
- Border mark is hit - - 10 sec;
- Moving backward while crossing an obstacle – 10 sec.


2 STAGE. Firing practice of the crews


Conditions

The second stage “Firing practice” is held at 2 ranges.

First range

Targets for assault rifle firing:
- 6 chest figures with circles (aim #4) at the distance of 100 m..

Second range

targets for 7.62 mm gun:
- attacking infantry – two man-size figures (target #8) 6-8 meters from each other, appearing twice for 20 seconds with 10 second interval;
- hiding infantry–two figures – a machine-machine gun crew (target #10a) and a rifle man figure (target #7) 6 meters from each other appearing twice for 15 sec. with 10 seconds interval;
- retreating infantry unit – man-size figure (target #8) and RPG (target #9) in 6 meters from each other appearing twice for 15 sec. with 10 second interval.

Targets for assault rifle firing::
- attacking infantry group – two figures – grenade launcher (target #9) and a rifle and man-sized figure (target #8) 6 meters from each other, appearing at the distance of 350-250 m twice for 20 seconds with 10 seconds interval;
- passing infantry group – two figures – machine-gun crew (target #10a) and a rifle man- man-sized figure (target #8) 6 meters from each other, appearing at the distance of 250-150 m twice for 15 sec. with 10 seconds interval;
- attacking group – two man-size figures (target #8) in 6-8 meters from each other appear at the distance of 200-100 m for 20 seconds;
- attacking group – two man-size figures (target #8) in 6-8 meters from each other 10х5 m appear at the distance of 200-100 m for 20 seconds.

Scoring

First range

The points are summed up and define the number of seconds to be subtracted from the time shown at the first stage: for the first place – 180 sec, for second – 150 sec, for the third – 120 sec, for the fourth – 90 sec, for the fifth – 60 sec, for the sixth – 30 sec. The crews on the seventh and lower positions do not have this opportunity.

Second range

Each target engaged with assault rifle and twin machine gun PKT the team can subtract 5 seconds from the total time of the first stage. If a specially arranged area is hit by a training grenade thrown by each of the team members, 15 second are subtracted from the total time of the first stage.

Penalties

For each target that is not hit from assault rifle ot twin machine gun PKT, the team receives 10 plus to the total time of the first stage.


3 STAGE. Mixed pursuit race


Conditions

Distance: 5 km. Start is simultaneous, the sequence is determined by a draw procedure. There can only be 2 APCs on the route simultaneously.

The route is equipped with the “Start” line (with a start pad and standby pad) and “Finish” line as well as with a speed section, a cableway over a pond, fire assault line, obstacles: a track bridge, a track passage in a minefield, places for shortstops at ascent and descent slopes, passage with limited space, blockage and maneuvering sites.

The crews start movement simultaneously on te assigned route. On APCs, they overcome a track bridge, a track passage in a minefield, places for shortstops at ascent and descent slopes, passage with limited space, blockage and maneuvering sites and then stop at the designated pad. After that they overcome a speed section, a cableway over a pond, a fire assault line and arrive at the finish line where they put off their protective suits.

Scoring

The result is summed up from the total time of the route, penalties and mistakes.

Penalties

- KPVT machine gun is installed on 1 support – 10 sec;
- PKT machine gun is installed on 1 support – 10 sec;
- KPVT electric trigger is not connected – 10 sec;
- PKT electric trigger is not connected – 10 sec;
- the barrel of the machine gun is not attached (locked) at the body of KPVT – 10 sec;
- For each missed point of combat vehicle examination – 10 sec; - starting movement without the command – 60 sec;
- skipping an obstacle – 60 sec;
- Falling from the track bridge – 30 sec;
- Mine “detonation” while crossing track passage in the minefield – 30 sec;
- APC rolling-down at the shortstop on the slope – 30 sec;
- Engine is shut off while crossing water obstacles – 30 sec;
- Border mark is hit - - 10 sec;
- Moving backward while crossing an obstacle – 10 sec.


4 STAGE. Preparation of NBC reconn vehicle for operation. Detection of contaminated area and its decontamination


Putting on individual protective suits and gas masks.

1) Trainees are in front of the vehicle. Protective means are with them.

After command “put on protective gear”, “gas” trainees put on protective Suits and gas masks and in case of actions on the vehicles stand near the vehicles.

1)Time marks:

−«excellent» – 2 min 40 sec
− «good» – 2 min 50 sec
− «satisfactory» – 3 min

Mistakes that cause loss of one point:

− Putting on chemical protective footwear cover was carried out with buttoned straps.
− Double breasted coat is wrong fastened or chemical protective footwear cover is not fully put on.
− Pin holders are not secured with clips or two pins are not fastened.
− If the coat is put as a coveralls, equipment and gas masks are not on the outer side of protective suit.
− Lacings are not in the half rings.
− Execution sequence of training standard was not met.

Mistakes for “unsatisfactory”:

− Protective suit was damaged during putting on.
− “Unsatisfactory” mark mistakes made while putting gas mask on.

Special training

1) Preparation of NBC reconnaissance vehicle for operation.

Squad leader gets the task for NBC reconnaissance. Vehicle is equipped with all the equipment, vehicle is under cover or outdoors. Squad is lined in front of the vehicle. By command “prepare vehicle for reconnaissance” squad begins preparing the vehicle for reconnaissance. .

Time counting starts from the moment when the command was given until the squad leader reports on vehicle readiness for reconnaissance. When the qualification standard is met, the squad leader commands to put protective suits on.

Time marks:

− «excellent» – 30 (35) min
− «good» – 35 (40) min
− «satisfactory» – 40 (45) min

Note:

− Preparation time of ASP is not included in qualification standard.
− Time in brackets indicates time for deployment when temperature is below +5°C.
− In case of high humidity, fog, rain, snow, time of achieving working mode is not considered.

Mistakes that cause one point reduction:

− Mistakes made during preparation of equipment for operation.
− Kit for samples selection is not prepared for operation.
− Electric flashlights for warning signs are not prepared for night time operation.

Mistakes for “unsatisfactory” mark:

− “Unsatisfactory” mark mistakes made during instruments preparation for operation.
− Radio set or one of nuclear or chemical reconnaissance means are out of order.
− Components of special solutions for decontamination of instruments or vehicles are missing.
− Navigation equipment is not set for operation.
− Data gathering, processing, transmission means are not ready for operation (UIS-NBC unified interface system, T-235-1Y equipment).

Special tactical training

1) Route NBC reconnaissance.

Crew wearing skin individual protective suits are in combat readiness near the vehicle at the distance of 450-500m from the boundary of contaminated area. By command “to commence reconnaissance” crew conducts reconn ops, sets warning signs in designated points, takes instruments, plots data on the map, reports reconnaissance results via radio.

Time is counted from the moment when reconnaissance command was given until crew commander reports via radio on reconnaissance results.

Time marks:

− «excellent» – 28 min
− «good» – 30 min
− «satisfactory» – 36 min

Note:

− Time for the crew’s return in order to define boundaries of contaminated area with regard to safe concentrations and time for vehicle decontamination upon completion of reconn operation is not included into the qualification standard.
− Point to determine radiation level or to take samples are designated by commander or imitated by the use of special supplements to instruments, maps, and imitation assets.

Mistakes that cause one point reduction:

− Warning sign was not mounted on the roadside on the right along the vehicle move.
− Insert is wrongly filled in or is missing from the warning sign.
− Radiation levels determination points (contaminated areas) are wrongly plotted on the map with 2 mm mistake from the map scale.
− One radio message was not transmitted.

Mistakes for “unsatisfactory mark”:

− Two or more radio messages are not transmitted.
− Radiation determination points or samples selection points are not on the map.
− Radio communication is not available.

NBC protection

1) Preparation of organic means of special decontamination for operation.

APC is contaminated and is taken from contaminated area. Driver and his assistant wearing protective gear are in front of the vehicle. Special decontamination means are in the vehicle. By command “to deploy special decontamination kit” driver and his assistant start preparing decontamination means for operation.

Time is counted from the moment when command was given until driver reports on the kit ready for operation.

Special decontamination kit (suction method)

− «excellent» – 2 min 20 sec
− «good» - 2 min 30 sec
− «satisfactory» – 3 min

Special decontamination kit (gas-liquid method)

− «excellent» - 3 min.
− «good» - 3 min 20 sec
− «satisfactory» - 4 min

Mistakes that cause one point reduction:

− No necessary pressured was made inside tank with solution..
− Leak in connection elements of the kit (instrument).

Mistakes for “unsatisfactory” mark:

− Decontamination solution is not flowing.
− Safety valve was not opening prior engine turn on.
− Self-contained pressure supply for uninterrupted power supply unit was not activated.

2) Clean-up, recovery, disinfection of weapons, combat and other equipment.

Combat and other military equipment is contaminated and taken from contaminated area. Crew or driver and his assistant are near the vehicle. Protective means are in “combat” mode. Means of decontamination are prepared. By command “to start decontamination” crew or driver with his assistant conduct decontamination of equipment. Time is counted from the moment when command was given until crew commander or driver reports completion.

Partial special decontamination with the use of special decontamination kit of RHM-4:

− «excellent» – 6 min 30 sec
− «good» – 7 min
− «satisfactory» – 8 min 20 sec

Mistakes that cause one point reduction:

− Designated sequence of decontamination technique was not observed.
− Canvas (tent) was not removed from the object before full special decontamination.
− Visible contaminants were not removed from the surface of contaminating objects, except for bottom plate, track, wheels before special decontamination.
− Wiping waste was not digged in after clean up, and was not burnt after disinfection.

Mistakes for “unsatisfactory” mark:

− Approved safety measures for decontamination of equipment were not observed. As a result, affection is possible. .
− Omissions were made during surface decontamination of if internal surface of an object is not decontaminated.
− Trainees are not trained to use clean-up (recovery, disinfection) means.

3) Partial special decontamination in case of contamination with chemical agents of potential enemy.

Trainees performed combat task within the unit and exited contaminated area. Personnel and weapons are contaminated. Protective gear of trainees is in “combat” mode, decontamination means as well as clean-up means are at trainees’ (IPP, IDPS-69). By command “to start partial special decontamination” trainees carry out decontamination of the whole surface of individual weapon, rub contaminated weapons with dry wiping waste, napkin; collect and dig in (in case of disinfection burn) utilized dry wiping waste, napkins and put off contaminated skin protective gear; wearing gas masks and carrying individual weapons go 10m towards windward side; trainees decontaminate frontal part of the gas mask, neck, hands.

Time is counted from the moment when command was given until commander reports completion of decontamination and that protective gear was put off.

Time

− «excellent» – 12 min
− «good» – 13 min 40 sec
− «satisfactory» – 16 min

Mistakes that cause one point reduction:

− Team leader did not guide and control decontamination sequence.
− Utilized wiping waste was not digged in after clean-up or burnt after disinfection. .
− Decontaminated weapons were not wiped dry after clean-up (disinfection).

Mistakes for unsatisfactory mark:

− Safety requirements were not observed during putting protective gear of.
− Omissions were made during sanitary disposal and weapons decontamination.


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